Pallet racks are commonly used in warehouse storage systems, factories, distribution points etc. There are also different types of racking systems to choose from depending on accessibility, storage density, aisle space, inventory control etc. You need to select the right pallet system for your warehouse to improve efficiency.
At its most basic level, you will find vertical columns that are joined by linear steel beams when considering a pallet rack storage system. The beam is what supports the palletized products. You can find racking made of roll formed steel and structural steel. There are pros and cons to selecting both materials.
When you have a pallet racking system, you will need a lot of material handling equipment and forklifts to access items. Pallet rack systems are a very efficient way of making the most of your warehouse space. The vertical space is expertly used to its maximum. And you will be able to protect the goods from any damage. You can find selective pallet racking which is a modular racking system. This is best for start-up businesses or those planning to extend their current warehouse. This is a low-density storage system with high selectivity.
It is not just storage that you can achieve with pallet racking. You can also create a pallet rack workbench with the same. This can be used in any situation whether it is an office, warehouse, workshop etc. And the advantage of these workbenches is that they can be customised and you can adjust it to any height or width that the dimensions of the pallets allow. There is a lot of versatility with pallet racking. It is not something that has to be fixed in place. You can have mobile pallet racks where workers can open the service aisles and close them when required which is a great way of saving aisle space. You will need floor tracks that are built into the concrete floor of the warehouse so that the mobile pallet racks and the shelving systems can move smoothly on the floor.
There is a very important role that warehouses play in order-fulfilment. And you need to have increased productivity to ensure that order fulfilment is fast tracked. You have to consider the storage and inventory retrieval system that you use and how you carry out the stock rotation. Stock rotation is carried out in two ways. One is FIFO which is called first-in-first-out and the other method is LIFO which is called last-in-first-out. The latter method is used for long term storage of goods that have a long shelf life and the former method is used for time-sensitive perishable goods.
You can use pallet racking as bulk storage. A push back rack system allows you to increase selectivity as well as density. This has a fixed structure. There are nested carts on the linear beams which can slide on rails that are set at an incline. Once a pallet is placed on the cart that is at the front of the system, it gets pushed back when the second pallet is loaded into place.